|This award-winning sculpture was part of a design-build project for Foley Square, located in lower Manhattan. Lorenzo Pace, Director of the Montclair State University Art Galleries, was selected to design this $18 million project. Entitled "Triumph of the Human Spirit," the sculpture is an abstract representation depicting the ships that brought African slaves and other settlers to America. The granite sculpture is approximately 70 feet high and weighs more than 300 tons, and floats in an 80-foot-wide fountain. The sculpture could not be fabricated from a single piece of granite as granite has little or no tensile capacity. DeSimone devised a solution that combined traditional stone setting techniques with modern construction and design technologies. The sculpture was fabricated from several granite blocks, which were cut and polished to fit seamlessly together. Mild post tensioning was used to pre-compress those elements in tension and provide a clamping force to hold outer elements together. Stainless steel setting pins were used to connect the stone pieces and provided shear resistance. Lead setting pads were also utilized to provide a smooth yet slightly compressible bearing surface between the stone blocks.